All About Pest Control
The process of controlling and eliminating different species that fall in the category of pests is called “Pest Control”. As these pests are considered harmful for human well-being, the economy and biology, different types of pests cause certain nuisance to daily life. It is vital to follow countermeasures to avoid common pest problems. The Pest Control Professionals are called “Exterminators”.
The Historical Story
Pest control is pretty classic like agriculture where always been a demand to retain crops free from pests. This process is essential and useful because crops are protected from pest invasion and human as well.
In old times an easy process was used to control several pests, in this technique weeds were burnt or destroyed so that the pests, birds and other eating seeds were also eliminated on a greater scale. Welfare of animal and humane pest control was researched in different countries and the impact of pests was also studied. In this project, the psychology of animals and routines were studied in depth and discovered methodologies used to control pests and animal that are safe for human health, some non-injurious chemical were also introduced.
Use of different firearms is common among different countries, usually used to eliminate small pests such as rats, grey squirrels and rabbits, Firearms are used in restricted areas like gardens due to low power, although usage is considered harmful and risky.
Chemical pesticides were introduced about 4500 years ago, when sulfur mixtures were used as pesticides by Sumerians, The ancient Red Veda considered to be most poisonous plants in pest control.
The revolution of agriculture industry in 18th and 19th century resulted introduction of derris and pyrethrum pesticides and chemical pest control became well-known. DDT and herbicides were introduced in 20th century leading chemical pest control industry to great success and new dimensions. Chemical Pest control still dominates today.
Often common pests are the result of human unawareness, although following right countermeasures can produce positive consequences. Homeowners used locking lids and bins to prevent raccoon invasion, Flies often bother human especially like places where food or wasted food is out in the open. Likewise seagulls found at seaside resorts where visitors feed birds with chips and scraps, so these birds become reliant on this food, violently attracted toward humans.
Some pests are hard to treat, so it is better off to acquire services of Local Pest control Professionals.
Types of Pest Control
Biological Pest Control
This type is very safe for human well-being, as several natural parasites and predators are used to pests. Likewise Bt Bacillus, israelensis, thuringiensis ssp bacterium can be placed in water sources to eliminate mosquitoes and their larvae. This phenomena is not harmful for humans and they can easily drink and use water. The Basic Idea in Biological Pest control is to eliminate pests without causing minimal or no damage to environmental stability.
Biological Pest Control
This type is very safe for human well-being, as several natural parasites and predators are used to pests. Likewise Bt Bacillus, israelensis, thuringiensis ssp bacterium can be placed in water sources to eliminate mosquitoes and their larvae. This phenomenon is not harmful for humans and they can easily drink and use water. The Basic Idea behind Biological Pest control is to eliminate pests with minimal or no damage to environmental stability.
Mechanical Pest Control
In this type of Pest Control hands-on approach is followed along with simple equipment and natural elements to protect humans and crops from pest invasion. Like disposing or burning weeds to eliminate potential pests. It is very classic method.
Removing Breeding Areas
A good sewer system and proper disposal of waste can be very useful to prevent pests. Garbage is been a great shelter and food resource for many pests in addition still water can support growth of mosquitos. The societies having proper waste management are less prone to cockroach, rats and other pest invasions. Areas with open sewers are more conservative resources for pests to grow and spread. Building sewers system properly can eliminate the chances of pest problems.
Poisoned bait Method
To control the population of rats, this method is very popular although not so effective when garbage is around which can be a food source for rats and other pests. This method is quite old and utilized for centuries for eliminating birds, wolves and other species that are cause potential damage to crops. But the approach is harmful in such way that not only it eliminates targeted animals and pests but can also kill all other animals that were not targeted and can cause several serious health problems like cancer.
Field Burning Method
Conventionally fields of sugar cane are burnt after harvesting so that all pests and their eggs are eliminated.
It’s a historic methodology commonly used in European countries where many wandering cats and dogs can be seen, local groups kill those all those animals that have no owner. In few countries there are rat catchers who chase rats and kill them with help of simple tools or dogs.
This is very popular method used to eliminate mice and rats from home. There are many traps available in the market, it is essential to know about the type of rodent and which type trap would be used. Snap Traps are widely used to kill rodents, in addition glue board traps can hold the rodent while passing across. Once the glue board trap hold rodent it can be disposed or thrown away. Often performance of glue board traps are affected by placing oily food ingredients as oil affect glue and loosen the grip of glue. Moreover Live Catch Traps can be used as well which can hold one or more animals later on can be released to a new location.
Crops can be sprayed to eliminate several pests; this method is very common although harmful for human and animal lives and can cause cancer and other health complications.,
In this method, place is fully covered with fumigants or gaseous pesticides so that pests are eliminated. This method is used to control pests in soil, grain and buildings etc. Usually used for food processing industry where goods need to be exported or imported to ensure that harmful organisms are not be transferred. This method is usually used for the pests which inhabit structures such as pests like wood termite. Although a costly approach of pest control.
Liquid insecticides are misted or fogged in the atmosphere, usually this method does not affect operations inside the building. Insecticides are commonly used having long term results.
In this method, warm steam which induced into the soil is used to eliminate Pests.
Destruction of infected plants
Plants or trees infested by pests are removed or burnt to prevent pests from spreading across.